Q1. Name the major nutrients in our food.

ANS -: The major nutrients in our food are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and
minerals. In addition, food also contains dietary fibres and water.

Q2. Name the following:
(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.
(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.

ANS -: Name the following:
(a) Carbohydrates and fats.
(b) Proteins and minerals
(c) Vitamin A
(d) Calcium

Q3. Name the two foods each rich in
(a) Starch
(b) Starch
(c) Dietary fibre
(d) Protein

ANS -: (a) Butter, Groundnut.
(b) Rice, Potato.
(c) Whole grains, Fresh fruits.
(d) Pulses, Fish.

Q4. Tick (√) the statements that are correct.
(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body.
(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a variety of food items.
(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items.
(d) Meat alone is not sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body.

ANS -: Tick (√) the statements that are correct.
(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body.
(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a variety of food items. √
(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. √
(d) Meat alone is not sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. √

Q5. Fill in the blanks.
(a) ——— is caused by deficiency of vitamin D.
(b) Deficiency of ————– causes a disease known as beri-beri.
(c) Deficiency of vitamin C causes disease known as ———-.
(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ————– in our food.

ANS -: Fill in the blanks.
(a) Rickets is caused by deficiency of vitamin D.
(b) Deficiency of vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beri-beri.
(c) Deficiency of vitamin C causes disease known as scurvy.
(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of vitamin A in our food.