1. Give two examples each of modes of transport used on land, water and air.

Ans :- On land: Car, Train
In water: Boat, Ship
In air: Aeroplane, Helicopter

2. Fill in the blanks:
(i) One meter is ——– cm.
(ii) Five kilometer is ———– m.
(iii) Motion of a child on a swing is ————.
(iv) Motion of the needle of a swing machine is —————.
(v) Motion of a wheel of a bicycle is ————-.

(i) One meter is100 cm.
(ii) Five kilometer is 5000 m.
(iii) Motion of a child on a swing is circular motion.
(iv) Motion of the needle of a swing machine is periodic motion.
(v) Motion of a wheel of a bicycle is circular motion

3. Why can a pace or footstep not be used as a standard unit of length?

Ans :- We cannot use pace or a footstep as standard unit of length as the size of foot and the
footstep will not be the same for every individual. Thus, the measurement will not be
same for different people

4. Arrange the following lengths in their increasing magnitude.

1 m, 1 centimeter, 1 kilometer, 1 milimeter.

Ans :- 1 millimeter, 1 centimeter, 1 meter, 1 kilometer

5. The height of a person is 1.65 m. express it into cm and mm.

Ans :- 1.65 m = 165 cm
= 1650 mm

6. The distance between Radha’s home and her school is 3250 m. express this
distance into km.

Ans :- 3250 m = 3.25 km.

7. While measuring the length of a knitting needle, the reading of the scale at one
end is 3.0 cm and at the other end 33.1 cm. What is the length of the needle?

Ans :- Length of needle = 33.1 cm – 3.0 cm = 30.1 cm

8. Write the similarities and differences between the motion of a bicycle and ceiling
fan that has been switched on.

Ans :- Similarities: – Wheel of a bicycle and ceiling fan both shows circular motion.
Differences: – Cycle moves in rectilinear motion but ceiling fan does not move in
rectilinear motion.

9. Why could you not use an elastic measuring tape to measure distance? What
would be some of the problems you would meet in telling someone about a
distance you measured with an elastic tape?

Ans :- Elastic tap will not give accurate measurement because it stretches in length and reduces in size when not stretched. While telling the measurement taken with an elastic tape. We have to tell whether the tape was stretched and by how much. This is very difficult. 

10. Give two examples of periodic motion

Ans :- Example of periodic motion-
(i) Pendulum
(ii) Child on the swing.


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